Irina HOLDEVICI, Professor, Ph.D., Bucharest University (BU): Chap. Elemente de psihoterapie, Editura AII, Bucureşti. Ionescu, G. Irina Holdevici’s 20 research works with 14 citations and reads, including: Hipnoza în psihoterapie. Irina Holdevici has expertise in Physics and Space. download PDF Carti De Psihologie Hipnoza In Psihoterapie book you are also De Inductie Hipnotica, Volumul -Hipnoza Clinica, De Irina Holdevici, Cuprinde Andrei Athanasiu – Elemente De Psihologie MedicalÄƒ Andrei.
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Theoretical and empirical observations. A proposed operational definition. During the last decade particularly, interest in general human development has hldevici increasingly with the examination of causes and remedies for psychological disorders.
The most important figures of that period in behavioral therapy were Dollard, Eysenck, Miller, Skinner and Wolpe. The social mandate of health psychology, American Behavioral Science, 28, The first is simply that short-term gratification is more motivating than the prospect of long-term harm. The structure of the book is thought in the following way. Interface theory is of help in research only if it fits the scientific one, otherwise it is useless because it can not stimulate the progress in science as much as the scientific theory.
Different groups within the community are holdevick in different stages of the process.
It is a great honor for psychology if we are to consider that the past two decades of this century were called atomic physics and genetic engineering respectively. Journal of personality disorders, 18 1 How empirically oriented are the new behavior therapy technologies?.
More indirect modeling of behavior may come from watching television or movies. Daniel DA VID XI Foreword Many people have passed through dramatic situations, sometimes even terrible situations, but they survived because of the help of a relative, friend, or priest. Mindfulness, 2 3 If a psychological disorder lasts for a Iong time, then stress-related psychological and physiological responses can produce psychosomatic disorders.
There are many interactions among these four levels see fig. Dynamic-psychoanalytical therapies are sometime efficient because: These are individual differences in the degree to which people are influenced by modeling experiences. The case conceptualization made by the therapist will establish which subjective state is more important for the patient a nd in consequence, which cognitive, behavior and biological modifications ar e causes or coping mechanism of that subjective state.
The psuhoterapie changes are a consequence of the expectation that bad outcomes are bound to occur since they cannot be controlled. We still do not know very precisely how cognitive, behavioral and biological levels interact to produce a certain psychosis according to DSM and ICD.
Clinician’s guide to evidence base and applications. For example, in medicine besides the dominant biomedical paradigm there are also other approaches, some of them quite exotic see for example, psychosocial approach, acupuncture etc.
In other forms of therapies e. Cognitive-behavioral therapists did not ground sufficiently their therapeutic techniques in the fundamental research of cognitive psychology, so that the progress in the therapeutic efficacy in comparison to the ‘s was rather holdevii. Modifications of the autonomie nervous system generate the intensity of our subjective state. In psychotherapy, at this point -the ‘s-cognitive therapy emerged trying to explain how information processing influences our behavior and emotions.
In psychotherapy for example, behavioral therapy has reinterpreted psychoanalytic therapy techniques in terms of modern learning theory omitted in Freud’s approach. The return to normal science. The model suggests that the likelihood of an individual engaging in a particular action e. Conversely, theory should be stated in terms that permit researchers to test it at an experimental level Eysenck and Keane, More than that, the psychological factors can influence acute disorders whose etiology is pure biological by other mechanisms.
In this case, we need both psychological and chemical treatment for specific disorders, for stress etc. In this chapter, we present in details: Considering these characteristics, it could be argued that in psychotherapy, it is here we 4 have to locate psychoanalysis and humanistic-experiential therapies developed at the beginning of the XX elemenge.
Therefore, the psychological factors influence the pathogeny of this kind of disorders. Tertiary prevention consists of rehabilitation or eliminating disability after the acute phase of an illness. These strategies are the mainstay of the so-called “new public health”. We remind here that cognitive and behavior levels determine the quality of the subjective state and that the biological level determines the holdeici of the subjective state also remember that if the psihotegapie modification is very intense-very high arousal- the subjective state will be a holdeici one no matter the cognitive and behavior aspects ; 5 coping mechanisms at cognitive, behavior and biological levels.
They can eliminate anxiety of performance increasing the self-efficacy of the patient. In others words, the same cognitive, behavioral and biological modifications could be either causes or coping mechanisms depending on a subjective state, w hich they are connected to.
This is why experimental cognitivebehavioral therapy agrees with techniques taken over from other forms of therapy because these techniques are, in ieina, common factors responsible for change but not with their underlying theories.
For example, it is wrong from elemene scientific point of view to explain the symptomatology of a patient e. Implications of this model for pathology A compelling literature documents the fact that there are much physical in mental hokdevici and mental in physical disorders DSM-IV; Holdevici, Anyway, tautological explanation can be useful in practice as an interface theory.
Dtagrammattcally the development of the “new science” can be represented as follows: The operant behavior refers mainly to learned motor behavior upon v oluntary control.
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Anxiety and Cognitive Science perspective 75 Chap. In psychology, the dominant paradigm is the cognitive paradigm Newell, ; Robins, Gosling and Craik, Conclusions and discussions Chap. Sindromul intestinului iritabil, In Grigorescu, M.
More than that, the therapeutic explanation is a prerequisite for the modification of maladaptive coping mechanisms, cognition and interaction with the environment. Our model suggests that from the etiopathogenic viewpoint all disorders are psychosomatic disorders see also Vianu, ; Ionescu, ; Stein and Young, The conflicts could be conscious or unconscious.
Making sense ofour emotion, Oxford Press.